With a total area of only 33.9 km², Mgahinga remains Uganda’s smallest national park. It was first declared a game sanctuary in 1930 during colonial time by the British and was later gazetted to become a national park in 1991. It was established chiefly to protect the rare mountain gorillas that call it home, plus other endangered primates like the golden monkey which are found here as well. It also has three striking features which are the volcanoes; these are part of the much larger Virunga range along a border line of Congo, Uganda and Rwanda. Their varied eco system is of great cultural importance especially to the indigenous Batwa pygmies with their hunting and gathering life together with their history and knowledge of this place.

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